Welcome Guest

     Home  Site Map  Help

 

Lebanon Home Page

 

Lebanon, Aging 6000 Years of Pride

Aging more than 6000 years, bordered on one side by the Mediterranean and on the other by two parallel mountain ranges, Lebanon seems a country suspended between the sky and the sea. Despite its small area (10,452 square km), this is a land resplendent in its diverse geography, landscape, culture and history.

Tourism

Sports

Industry

Lebanon Tourism Portal

Hunting Resource

Lebanon Industry

Lebanese Famous Cities

Wine Resource 

Lebanon Insurance

Liban Voyage

Liban Caves

Liban Assurance

Voyage Liban

Lebanon Opportunities

Trip to Lebanon

North

Tripoli/Trablus 

South

Bsharre 

Mount Lebanon

Saida/Sidon

Deir Al Qamar

Saida Port

Bekaa

Ain Zhalta

Mieh w Mieh

Zahle

Musa Castle

Jezzine

Berdawni

Jbeil

Eshmoun

Rashaya/Rachaya

Old Zouk

Naqoura

Kefraya

Marjayoun

Hasbaya

Beirut

Kfarfalous

 

Beirut

 

Religion 

Technology

Elections

Qadisha Valley

Lebanon Developers

Lebanon Elections

Wadi Qadisha

 

  

The Phoenicians

The area now known as Lebanon first appeared in recorded history around 3000 B.C. as a group of coastal cities and a heavily forested hinterland. It was inhabited by the Canaanites, a Semitic people, whom the Greeks called "Phoenicians" because of the purple (phoinikies) dye they sold. These early inhabitants referred to themselves as "men of Sidon" or the like, according to their city of origin, and called the country "Lebanon." Because of the nature of the country and its location, the Phoenicians turned to the sea, where they engaged in trade and navigation.

Each of the coastal cities was an independent kingdom noted for the special activities of its inhabitants. Tyre and Sidon were important maritime and trade centers; Gubla (later known as Byblos and now as Jubayl) and Berytus (present-day Beirut) were trade and religious centers. Gubla was the first Phoenician city to trade actively with Egypt and the pharaohs of the Old Kingdom (2686-2181 B.C.), exporting cedar, olive oil, and wine, while importing gold and other products from the Nile Valley.

Before the end of the seventeenth century B.C., LebaneseEgyptian relations were interrupted when the Hyksos, a nomadic Semitic people, conquered Egypt. After about three decades of Hyksos rule (1600-1570 B.C.), Ahmose I (1570-45 B.C.), a Theban prince, launched the Egyptian liberation war. Opposition to the Hyksos increased, reaching a peak during the reign of the pharaoh Thutmose III (1490-36 B.C.), who invaded Syria, put an end to Hyksos domination, and incorporated Lebanon into the Egyptian Empire.

Toward the end of the fourteenth century B.C., the Egyptian Empire weakened, and Lebanon was able to regain its independence by the beginning of the twelfth century B.C. The subsequent three centuries were a period of prosperity and freedom from foreign control during which the earlier Phoenician invention of the alphabet facilitated communications and trade. The Phoenicians also excelled not only in producing textiles but also in carving ivory, in working with metal, and above all in making glass. Masters of the art of navigation, they founded colonies wherever they went in the Mediterranean Sea (specifically in Cyprus, Rhodes, Crete, and Carthage) and established trade routes to Europe and western Asia. Furthermore, their ships circumnavigated Africa a thousand years before those of the Portuguese. These colonies and trade routes flourished until the invasion of the coastal areas by the Assyrians. (Source: U.S. Library of Congress).

 

 

  Aley Ottoman Governors Summer Residences  
  Anjar Exclusively One Period, The Umayyad  
  Baalbeck The City of the Sun  
  Barouk A Pleasant Summer Town With Abundant Springs  
  Baskinta Mikhael Nouhayme (1889-1988) Home Land  
  Beit Ed-Dine Emir Bechir Chehab II - "House of Faith"  
  Bhamdoun A Summer Resort  
  Cedars Holy Trees of Lebanon  
  Chtaura Centre of The Bekaa Valley  
  Ehden Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve  
  Faqra The Ruins of a Phoenician Temple  
  Faraya Excellent Skiing Facilities  
  Hakel 500 Millions Years Fossils  
  Hasbaya Wadi El Taym  
  Jeita Grotto A Caverns With Astounding Wealth  
  Jounieh Casino Du Liban  
  Kartaba Considered The Main Largest Village in Jbeil  
  Miziara Visit the Art of Human Creation  
  Msailaha Built by Prince Fakhr Ed Dine II in 1624  
  Nabatieh Al Anbat, Ancient Residents of East Jordan  
  Qana Qana, Jesus First Miracle  
  Tannourine Cedar Forest of Some 60,000 Trees  
  Tibnine Crusader Castle  
  Tyre (Sour) The Homeland of Euclide  
  Zgharta Tripoli's Sister  

 

 

 

Information From the Ministry of Tourism

Lebanese Ministry of Tourism

Top of Page
 

 

 

  2006 - 2009 Lebanon Home Page. All rights reserved.

 
Saidon City

Saida 

 
Akbia, Liban Caves

Akbia 

 
Berdawni, Zahle Lebanon

Berdawni 

 
Mieh w Mieh - Mummy

Mieh w Mieh 

 
Tripoli Citadel

Tripoli

 
Jbeil/Byblos Castle

Jbeil/Byblos

 
Lebanese Famous Cities

Lebanese Famous Cities

 
Lebanon Tourism - Rashaya Al Foukhar

Rashaya

 
Qaraoun Lake - West Beqaa

Lebanon Tourist Qaraoun Lake

 
Zahlee Monastery St. Elias At Tawak

Zahle

 
Monastery of Mar Sarkis, Gibran Khalil Gibran Museum

 Bsharre

 
Qadisha Holy Valley

Qadisha Valley

 
Beirut Museum

Beirut

 
Liban Assurance

Liban Assurance

 
Old Zouk

Old Zouk

  Home  About Us  Contact Us  Help                                                                                                                        Copyright NetMotif. All Rights Reserved.